2015 Wireless Technologies and Markets: Growth and Future Direction For WPANs, WLANs and WMANs

Market Studies

2015 Wireless 
Technologies and Markets:

2015 Wireless
Technologies and Markets:

Growth and Future Direction For WPANs, WLANs and WMANs

date: November 15, 2015


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2015 Wireless Technologies and Markets: Growth and Future Direction for WPANs, WLANs, and WMANs - a newly-revised, 146-page market study addresses hot, new and exciting developments in the wireless industry, including wireless personal area networks (WPANs), wireless local area networks (WLANs), and wireless metropolitan area networks (WLANs). It addresses key topics within each of these three domains that have a major impact on wireless technology and wireless users.

This market study also contains illustrations to clarify and enhance explanations of complex features and functionality and multiple tables to provide performance data and additional information.

Paramount to this study is an exposition on the two new high-performance IEEE broad-band Wi-Fi standards for WLANs: IEEE 802.11ac and 802.11ad (known as WiGig). Referred to as 5G technology, the standards offer gigabit performance on WLANs- a giant step upward from the previous WLAN IEEE standard- 802.11n. Addressed and explained in detail are the powerful new standard features and functionality of these latest two standards. For 802.11ac these powerful features include expanded channel bonding, multi-user MIMO, and beamforming for 802.11ac.

The study also presents key features and functionality for 802.11ad, including tri-band functionality featuring Fast Session Transfer, beamforming and audio/visual features for 60 GHz 802.11ad (WiGig). It also addresses applications served by 802.11ad including video streaming, rapid file transfer, wireless docking, and wireless backhaul. And it provides a market analysis based on applications and also on enabled various types of 802.11 devices. Included in the analysis is 802.11ad’s adoption factors and a roadmap.

Further, the study also addresses a growing number of “second-wave” IEEE 802.11ac products from prominent industry vendors and chip producers with product details and pricing. For 802.11ad the study addresses vendor products that target 802.11ad 60 GHz applications.

A table lists the prominent WLAN chip and product vendors and their products.

In addition to WLANs, the study addresses the major standards organizations, their standards for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) and applications. These standards organizations include the IEEE, Bluetooth, the Zigbee Alliance, WiGig and Wimedia in addition to standards organizations for wireless metropolitan area networks (WMANs).

This market study also discusses the next step in the evolution of WLANs. The High Efficiency WLAN Study Group (HEW SG) within the IEEE 802.11Working Group is involved in developing the next WLAN standard that will improve the efficiency and performance of WLANs.

The major U.S wireless carriers have been scrambling to expand their networks and network capacity for the latest in broadband technology - 4G LTE service - to accommodate demands for more bandwidth from a vast number of users as traffic from smartphones, tablets and computers continues to skyrocket. The Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks (WMAN) section of this market study covers AT&T Wireless, Verizon Wireless, Sprint and T-Mobile-U S and their activities.

Because “Hotspots” are big revenue producers for companies, this study also focuses on this skyrocketing industry segment. It addresses a new wireless specification, Hotspot 2.0 which simplifies connection and uses the IEEE 802.11u standard to interface with carrier WANs. It also addresses a number of hotspot vendor innovations.

Cloud computing, virtual networks and unified communication are evolving wireless industry trends supported by network vendors and adopted by a growing number of businesses from small to large corporations to substantially improve operating efficiency and to drive down operating and communications costs.

Because of their growing significance in user networks, this study addresses these trends.

Cloud computing is an extremely hot topic throughout the industry. It is now supported by prominent network industry vendors and is being implemented by businesses and corporations to eliminate software and hardware purchases and maintenance costs through cloud computer service providers. Cloud computing also comes with problems that must be addressed by implementers. The concept has sparked new life in the network vendor industry, which has geared up to support cloud computing through new products and services.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary


Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

  • The IEEE 802.15 Standards
  • The Wireless Gigabit Alliance- WiGig
  • The Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG)
  • Bluetooth Low Energy Technology (BLE)
  • The ZigBee Alliance
  • The WiMedia Alliance- Ultra Wideband (UWB)

Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs-Wi-Fi)

  • The Wi-Fi evolution, greatly-improved user benefits for wireless communication
  • The 802.11n Amendment-the greatest achievement in performance and network flexibility since the beginning of wireless technology.
  • Channel Bonding, its function and major benefit for scalable bandwidth
  • MIMO Advanced Antenna Technology- a major benefit for enhanced wireless performance and signal quality
  • MIMO configurations and examples
  • Spatial multiplexing- a key MIMO enhancement
  • Beamforming and other performance enhancement techniques explained and benefits cited
  • Block Acknowledgement
  • Packet Aggregation
  • Short Guard Interval
  • Vendor Proprietary Improvements
  • Doubling Wireless Data Rates
  • 802.11n Management Features- 802,11k and 802.11v wireless management standards extend intelligence and save battery power
  • Wi-Fi Offloads WMANs via 802.11u
  • Wi-Fi Hotspots
  • Hotspot 2.0 Simplifies Hotspot Connections
  • Vendor Innovations/li>
  • Bluetooth and Zigbee Wi-Fi Wireless Network Interconnection
  • Increased Mesh Network Bandwidth
  • Gigabit Wi-Fi (5G Wi-Fi)- a giant leap forward from 802.11n in Wi-Fi performance and bandwidth scalability
  • IEEE 802.11ad (WiGig) defined and explained
  • IEEE 802.11ac defined and explained
  • Higher Bit Density per Megahertz for improved data rates defined and explained
  • 802.11ac Beamforming
  • Expanded Channel Bonding for greater bandwidth scalability
  • MU-MIMO- Multi User-MIMO for enhanced user performance and flexibility
  • New 802.11ac/ad products and 802.3at Power over Ethernet (PoE) requirements
  • USB 3.0 and 3.1 Requirements for 802.11ac/ad Devices
  • Gigabit Wi-Fi Analysis
  • New 802.11ac Products- products from all Gigabit Wi-Fi vendors to date
  • FCC Frees Unused Spectrum
  • Wi-Fi Operation in TV White Space (802.11af) access for more spectrum
  • FCC Plans to Free 195 MHz of 5 GHz Spectrum
  • Cloud Computing- what you should know about cloud computing
  • Unified Communication
  • Virtualization- how virtual networks substantially improve network efficiency
  • The Wi-Fi Alliance
  • Hotspot 2.0
  • Wireless Security Mechanisms
  • WLAN Security (WEP and WPA)
  • Advanced Encryption Standard (802.11i)
  • Authentication Standard (802.1x)
  • Internet Security (IPsec)
  • WLAN Market Forecast-WLAN Revenue Growth over 5 Years & Top Five Vendors Market Share
  • Future Direction
  • Vendor listing for over 30 Wi-Fi Vendors and Products

Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks (WLANs)

  • FCC Auctions 700 MHz Band
  • FCC Plans Spectrum Release in Near Future
  • U.S. Carrier Wireless Spectrum
  • Picocells Add Network Capacity
  • Broadband Wireless
  • Major Wireless U.S. Carriers 4G LTE Service Implementation
  • T Mobile U.S. LTE Service
  • Sprint’s 4G WiMAX Network
  • Sprint/LightSquared Satellite LTE Service Dead
  • Sprint Launches LTE Service
  • Sprint’s new Network Vision Services
  • Sprint Nextel IDEN Termination
  • Legacy WiMAX Service
  • Sprint’s Softbank Merger
  • Sprint Acquires Clearwire
  • Clearwire’s LTE Network
  • WiMAX Broadband Wireless Access- the first BWA WMAN
  • WiMAX Standards
  • FDD vs TDD Multiplexing
  • WiMAX Global Deployment
  • WiMAX Advanced (IEEE 802.1m) Technology substantially improves performance
  • WiMAX Remains a Viable Technology
  • The WiMAX Forum
  • WiMAX Forum Organization- mission, involvement and operation
  • WiMAX Certification Testing
  • LTE Wireless Broadband Access Technology- A GSM-based wireless data standard
  • LTE Deployment
  • Voice over LTE (VoLTE)
  • LTE- A Global Standard
  • China Mobile Ltd. LTE Network
  • LTE-Advanced- A True 4G Wireless Technology

Frequency Spectrum Regulation Authorities

  • The IEEE
  • International Telecommunications Standards Organizations
  • Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM)
  • Universal Mobile Communications System (UMTS)
  • The High-Speed packet Access (HSPA) Family
  • Long Term Evolution (LTE)
  • Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
  • China Communications Standards Association (CCSA)
  • Scope of Activities
  • Qualcomm’s CDMA
  • CDMA2000 EVDO
  • Ultra Mobile Broadband (UMB)
  • Wireless Broadband (WiBro)

Wireless Standards Organizations

  • The FCC
  • The Australian Communications and Media Authority
  • Central and South American Telco Regulation Authorities

Table of Figures

Figure 4.0 Example of MIMO Antenna Technology
Figure 4.1 Beamforming Illustration
Figure 4.2 WLAN Revenue Growth
Figure 4.3 Top Five WLAN Vendors Market Share
Table 4.0 IEEE 802.11 Family Characteristics
Table 4.1 Single/Multi-stream Maximum Data Rates for 802.11n and 802.11ac
Table 4.2 Prominent WLAN Vendors and Products
Table 5.0 WiMAX 2 (802.16m) Downlink and Uplink Data Rates
Table 5.1 LTE Release 8 Major Parameters
Table 5.2 LTE Release 8 User Equipment Categories
Table 6.0 LTE Downlink Peak Data Rates per 20 MHz Spectrum
Table 6.1 LTE Uplink Peak Data Rates per 20 MHz Spectrum
Table 6.2 CDMA2000 vs GSM Standards Characteristics
Table 7.0 FCC Unlicensed Frequency Bands
Table 7.1 Telecommunications Regulators of South and Central America

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